Astronomica Langrenus Sezione Luna


"LUNAR 100" video.MP4 - Lenght 09'39", 183MB, 1920x1080 - Click on above image to open video.

"LUNAR 100"

Telescopio Maksutov Rumak 255mm F20/12,6 - Focale 5000/3200mm

CCD I.S. DBK41 - CMOS Zwo ASI 224MC


  • "Lunar 100" è un elenco delle cento caratteristiche più interessanti da osservare sulla Luna. L'elenco venne descritto per la prima volta da Charles A. Wood nell'articolo pubblicato sulla rivista Sky & Telescope (Aprile 2004) con l'intento di fornire agli appassionati di astronomia un elenco riguardante il nostro satellite naturale, simile al catalogo di Messier per gli oggetti deepsky. Le strutture lunari citate comprendono le varie tipologie di formazioni geologiche visibili sulla superficie della Luna e vengono presentate in ordine crescente di difficoltà di osservazione. 
    • 1 - MOON

    Large satellite - Full Moon
      A

    B

    C


    2 - EARTHSHINE 

    Twice reflected sunlight
     
    • 3 - MARE / HIGHLAND DICHOTOMY

    Materials with disctint composition
     

    4 - APENNINES

    Imbrium basin rim - Montes Apennines
     

    A

    B

    C


    5 - COPERNICUS

    Archetypal large complex crater
      A

    B


    6 - TYCHO

    Large rayed crater with impact melts
      A

    B


    7 - ALTAI SCARP

    Nectaris basin rim
      A

    B

    C


    8 - THEOPHILUS, CYRILLUS, CATHARINA

    Crater sequence illustrating stages of degradation
      A

    B


    9 - CLAVIUS

    Lacks basin features in spite of its size
      A

    B

    C

    D


    10 - Mare Crisium

    Mare contained in large circular basin
      A

    B

    C


    11 - ARISTARCHUS

    Very bright crater with dark bands on its walls
      A

    B

    C

    D

    E

    F


    12 - PROCLUS

    Oblique-impact rays
      A

    B


    13 - GASSENDI

    Floor-fractured crater
      A

    B

    C

    D


    14 - SINUS IRIDUM

    Very large crater with missing rim
      A

    B

    C

    D


    15 - STRAIGHT WALL

    Best example of a lunar fault
      A

    B

    C


    16 - PETAVIUS

    Crater with domed & fractured floor
      A

    B

    C


    17 - SCHROTER'S VALLEY

    Giant sinuous rille
      A

    B


    18 - MARE SERENITATIS DARK EDGES

    Distinct mare areas with different compositions
      A

    B

    C


    19 - ALPINE VALLEY

    Lunar graben
      A

    B


    20 - POSIDONIUS

    Floor-fractured crater
      A

    B


    21 - FRACASTORIUS

    Crater with subsided & fractured floor
      A

    B

    C

    D


    22 - ARISTARCHUS PLATEAU

    Mysterious uplifted region mantled with pyroclastics
      A

    B

    C


    23 - PICO

    Isolated Imbrium basin-ring fragment
      A

    B


    24 - HYGINUS RILLE

    Rille containing rimless collapse pits
     

    25 - MESSIER & MESSIER-A

    Oblique ricochet-impact pair
      A
      B

    C

    D


    26 - MARE FRIGORIS

    Arcuate mare of uncertain origin
      A
      B
      C

    27 - ARCHIMEDES

    Large crater lacking central peak
      A
      B
      C
      D

    28 - HIPPARCHUS

    First drawing of a single crater
      A

    B


    29 - ARIADAEUS RILLE

    "Long, linear graben"
     

    30 - SCHILLER

    Possible oblique impact
      A

    B


    3131 - TARUNTIUS

    Young floor-fractured crater
     

    32 - ARAGO ALPHA - ARAGO BETA

    Volcanic domes
     

    33 - SERPENTINE RIDGE

    Basin inner-ring segment
      A

    34 - LACUS MORTIS

    Strange crater with rille & ridge
      A

    B

    C


    35 - TRIESNECKER RILLE

    Rille family
     

    36 - GRIMALDI BASIN

    A small two-ring basin
      A

    B


    37 - BAILLY

    Barely discernible basin
      A

    B


    38 - SABINE & RITTER

    Possible twin impacts
      A

    39 - SCHICKARD

    Crater floor with Orientale basin ejecta stripe
      A

    B

    C


    40 - JANSSEN RILLE

    Rare example of a highland rille
     

    41 - BESSEL RAY

    Ray of uncertain origin near Bessel
     

    42 - MARIUS HILLS

    Complex of volcanic domes & hills
      A

    B

    C


    43 - WARGENTIN

    A crater filled to the rim with lava or ejecta
      A

    B


    44 - MERSENIUS

    Domed floor cut by secondary craters
      A

    B


    45 - MAUROLYCUS

    Region of saturation cratering
     

    46 - REGIOMONTANUS CENTRAL PEAK

    Possible volcanic peak
      A
      B

    47 - ALPHONSUS DARK SPOTS

    Dark-halo eruptions on crater floor
      A

    B


    48 - CAUCHY REGION

    "Fault, rilles, & domes"
     

    49 - GRUITHUISEN GAMMA & DELTA

    Volcanic domes formed with viscous lavas
      A

    B


    50 - CAYLEY PLAINS

    "Light, smooth plains of uncertain origin"
     

    51 - DAVY CRATER CHAIN

    Result of comet-fragment impacts
      A

    B


    52 - CRUGER

    Possible volcanic caldera
      A

    B


    53 - LAMONT

    Possible buried basin
     

    54 - HIPPALUS RILLES

    Rilles concentric to Humorum basin
     

    55 - BACO

    Unusually smooth crater floor & surrounding plains
     

    56 - AUSTRALE BASIN

    A partially flooded ancient basin
     

    57 - REINER GAMMA

    Conspicuous swirl & magnetic anomaly
      A

    B


    58 - RHEITA VALLEY

    Basin secondary-crater chain
      A

    B


    59 - SCHILLER ZUCCHIUS BASIN

    Badly degraded overlooked basin
      A

    B


    60 - KIES-PI DOME

    Volcanic dome
      A

    B


    61 - MOSTING-A

    Simple crater close to center of lunar near side
     

    62 - RUMKER

    Large volcanic dome
      A

    B

    C


    63 - IMBRIUM SCULPTURE

    Basin ejecta near & overlying Boscovich & Julius Caesar
     

    64 - DESCARTES

    Apollo 16 landing site; putative region of highland volcanism
     

    65 - HORTENSIUS DOMES

    Dome field north of Hortensius
     

    66 - HADLEY RILLE

    Lava channel near Apollo 15 landing site
      A

    B


    67 - FRA MAURO FORMATION

    Apollo 14 landing site on Imbrium ejecta
      A

    B


    68 - FLAMSTEED

    Proposed young volcanic crater & Surveyor 1 landing site
      A

    B


    69 - COPERNICUS SECONDARY CRATERS

    Rays & craterlets near Pytheas
      A

    B


    70 - HUMBOLDTIANUM BASIN

    Multi-ring impact basin
     

    71 - SULPICIUS GALLUS DARK MANTLE

    Ash eruptions northwest of crater
     

    72 - ATLAS DARK-HALO CRATERS

    Explosive volcanic pits on the floor of Atlas
      A

    B


    73 - SMYTHII BASIN

    Difficult-to-observe basin scarp & mare
     

    74 - COPERNICUS-H

    Dark-halo impact crater
      A

    B


    75 - PTOLEMAEUS-B

    Saucer like depression on the floor of Ptolemaeus
     

    76 - W. BOND

    Large crater degraded by Imbrium ejecta
     

    77 - SIRSALIS RILLE

    Procellarum basin radial rilles
     

    78 - LAMBERT-R

    "A buried ""ghost"" crater"
     

    79 - SINUS AESTUUM

    Eastern dark-mantle volcanic deposit
     

    80 - ORIENTALE BASIN

    Youngest large impact basin
      A

    B


    81 - HESIODUS-A

    Concentric crater
     

    82 - LINNE'

    Small crater once thought to have disappeared
     

    83 - PLATO CRATERLETS

    Crater pits at limits of detection
     

    84 - PITATUS

    Crater with concentric rilles
     

    85 - LANGRENUS RAYS

    Aged ray system
      A

    B

    C


    86 - PRINZ RILLES

    Rille system near the crater Prinz
     

    87 - HUMBOLDT

    Crater with central peaks & dark spots
     

    88 - PEARY

    Difficult-to-observe polar crater
     

    89 - VALENTINE DOME

    Volcanic dome
     

    90 - ARMSTRONG, ALDRIN, COLLINS

    Small craters near the Apollo 11 landing site
     

    91 - DE GASPARIS RILLES

    Area with many rilles
      A

    B


    92 - GYLDEN

    Part of the Imbrium radial sculpture
      A

    B


    93 - DIONYSIUS RAYS

    Unusual & rare dark rays
      A

    B


    94 - DRYGALSKI

    Large south-pole region crater
     

    95 - PROCELLARUM BASIN

    The Moon's biggest basin?
     

    96 - LEIBNITZ MOUNTAINS

    Rim of South Pole-Aitken basin
     

    97 - INGHIRAMI VALLEY

    Orientale basin ejecta
      A

    B


    98 - IMBRIUM LAVA FLOWS

    Mare lava-flow boundaries
      A

    B

    C


    99 - INA CALDERA

    D-shaped young volcanic caldera
      A

    B

    C


    100 - MARE MARGINIS SWIRLS

    Possible magnetic field deposits
     

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